Migration, Illegality, and the EU

The contemporary European Union (EU) migration policy-making is based on a limited understanding of mechanisms of migration. The outcomes of this setting are amplified by the terms which are employed in migration policy-making. According to the latest statistics, 1.9 million people migrated into the EU from non-EU countries in 2014. The European Commission presents that 276,113 out of the 1.9 million migrants from non-member states were so-called irregular migrants, and an estimated 220,000 of them arrived by crossing the Mediterranean Sea. The number of irregular migrants and migration across the Mediterranean increased by 138% and 310% respectively compared to statistics from 2013. The European Commission employs these statistics as a call for action for increased border surveillance and stricter migration policies as the large percentage numbers, exceeding 100, are presented in the contexts of illegality and irregularity.

This essay discusses and analyses the European response to clandestine migration into the EU. Instead of focusing on one country’s sovereign policy making, the response is analysed on EU level. This essay presents EU policies and opinions and analyses them with tools from academic research on clandestine migration.

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